The Home Depot Data Breach

© 2014 Colourbox

With up to 60 million customers affected, the recent security breach at North America’s largest hardware store, The Home Depot, once again proves that even some of the largest retailers have not implemented business processes that ensure the timely detection and communication, if not prevention, of such incidents. This post sheds a light on their dire consequences for consumers and what lawmakers in the U.S. and the E.U. intend to do about it.

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Towards a New Personal Data Breach Notification Framework in the EU

The European Commission published recently a Proposal for a Regulation on personal data protection. If adopted, it would repeal the 1995 Data Protection Directive. The Proposal includes a new data security framework: both the data controller and the data processor would have to implement appropriate technical and organizational measures in order to ensure that data is secure; a personal data breach would have to be reported within 24 hours to the supervisory authority, and also, without undue delay, to the data subject if the breach would adversely affect his personal data or privacy. We comment some of the pending issues.

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New Brazilian Data Protection Bill Adopts Data Breach Notification Regime

"Metrô-Linha Vermelha" (Photo by "mlsirac"; shot on Sept. 11, 2010 in Sao Paulo, Brazil). Available at http://www.flickr.com/photos/mlsirac/4988830112/ (Creative Commons "Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)" license.)

The new Brazilian Data Protection bill currently in discussion provides a whole new approach to data protection for the country. It also follows the current trend of several countries, the European Union included, by adopting a data breach notification regime. The text would make companies liable without the need to prove omission or negligence. Currently they are only liable to the extent of damages resulting from the misuse of information leaked or stolen due to a data security breach.

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ENISA Surveys Stakeholders of Upcoming EU Data Breach Notification Regime

"Grillage gelé" (Photo by "Photophilius"; shot on Dec. 13, 2008). Available at http://www.flickr.com/photos/30254220@N04/3116313871/ (Creative Commons "Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)" license.)

The European Network and Information Security Agency has recently published a report on data breach notifications in the European Union. ENISA surveyed data protection authorities, telecommunications regulatory authorities and telecom operators from different countries in the EU, but also from other non-EU countries such as the United States.
Using the various stakeholders’ responses, the report helps understand the practices and challenges of the future mandatory data breach notification regime, and aims to assist public authorities and private organizations in the EU as they implement data breach notification policies by providing a set of recommendations.
(Résumé aussi disponible en français)

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